Java is a computer language created by Sun Microsystems and conceived by James Gosling. It took a little longer than ten days to evolve, more like four years. A group of Sun Microsystem developers known as the “Green Team” worked around the clock to build Java in 1991.
It was first released in 1995, and since then, various updated versions have been created. Today’s Internet is awash in Java-based programming, and we owe Java a debt of gratitude for many of the applications that make our lives easier. Oracle owns Java at the moment.
Java has the following features:
Compilation and interpretation: The Java compiler starts by converting the source code to bytecode. The interpreter is then responsible for producing machine code that may be directly executed by the machine.
Portable and platform-independent: It can be transferred from one machine to another, and any changes to the operating system, system resources, or processor will have no effect on the java apps. A java compiler generates bytecode that can be used on any computer.
Object-Oriented: Java is a totally object-oriented language in which classes and objects play a central role.
Distributed: It also allows for the building of network-based applications and the sharing of data and programs. Java may also be used to connect to remote objects over the internet, allowing multiple programmers to collaborate from various locations.
Extensible and dynamic: In Java, new classes, objects, methods, and libraries are almost certainly dynamically linked. It can also handle functions written in C and C++ programming languages.
Developmental ease: The ability to reuse code simplifies development.
Scalability and Performance: In the Java runtime environment, scalability and performance can be increased by shortening the startup time and reducing memory consumption.
Client-side scripting language: It is a client-side scripting language that executes code through a browser rather than through a server. Newer versions and frameworks, on the other hand, support server-side scripting.
Event-based: It can execute specified code in response to the occurrence of a certain event. An event can be anything from a loaded page to a form submission, and so on.