What Are Blocked Hair Follicles?

What Are Blocked Hair Follicles?

What Are Blocked Hair Follicles? – Blockage of hair follicles is a persistent inflammatory skin condition known as hidradenitis suppurativa or acne inversa. When the follicles, or shafts through which hair grows out of the skin, become clogged, breakouts, pimples, and boils ensue. The blocks can be discovered in the armpits or the groin, where the skin scrapes against itself.

This infection could worsen and spread to other parts of the body over time. Boils can harden or turn into pus-filled masses. While there is currently no solution for the disease, preventative measures, home remedies, and medical treatments can all assist in reducing the number of blocked hair follicles.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Hair Follicle Blockage?

The signs and symptoms of clogged hair follicles vary depending on the situation. In the affected area, pimple-like lumps or deep cysts might occur. You will feel a tingling in the skin area where the lump will appear before you notice it. Skin burns, itching, and excessive perspiration are also possible side effects.

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The symptoms can intensify and evolve into the following condition if the problem is left untreated for a long time:

Blackheads. In the advanced phases of this illness, pairs of microscopic black lumps that resemble blackheads emerge.

Growing Lumps. The first sign of clogged hair follicles is a lump that eventually gets painful. Lumps can appear in a single location or numerous locations on the body, and they can last for weeks or months.

Abscesses. As the lumps expand and fuse, fluid fills them, resulting in painful abscesses.

Odor. When an abscess ruptures, blood and pus are released. These liquids can accumulate in clothing and emit a bad stench.

Scars. Abscesses are difficult to heal, and even if they do, the process is slow, and they usually reappear. Recurrence of the illness causes ‘tunnels’ to grow beneath the skin, leaving permanent scars.

Blocked Hair Follicles: What Causes Them?

The exact source of this ailment is yet unknown. Several studies are being conducted by medical researchers to determine the cause of hair follicle obstruction.

Although the reason for blocked hair follicles is unknown, there are a few variables that can raise your chances of acquiring them:

Gender. Women are more likely than men to have clogged hair follicles. Hormones cause the disease to appear after puberty. Women’s breakouts can be more acute during their periods and less severe during pregnancy and after menopause.

The ailment most commonly affects women in the vaginal area, upper thighs, or beneath the breasts. It occurs more frequently on the genitals and around the anus in men.

Age. Blocked hair follicles are more common in women between the ages of 18 and 29. When a person has the disease at an early age, it becomes more severe.

Genetics. A family history of clogged hair follicles can make you more vulnerable. There’s a chance you’ll inherit the genes that cause clogged hair follicles if one of your biological parents has had this problem. However, not everyone who develops this ailment has a family member who suffers from clogged hair follicles.

Obesity, smoking, heat, hormonal fluctuations, and perspiration are all potential causes of blocked hair follicles.

What Treatments Are Available for Blocked Hair Follicles?

Visit a doctor as soon as you discover the aforementioned signs and symptoms to explore treatment choices so that your illness does not worsen. Depending on the individual’s situation, treatment options may range from lifestyle changes to drugs or even surgery.

Changes in your way of life

To prevent the disease from spreading, it’s critical to keep your hands clean. Self-care will aid in the reduction of pain, the prevention of outbreaks, and the speeding up of recovery.

Skincare. To destroy the bacteria that cause clogged hair follicles, use antibacterial soaps or antiseptic washes in your daily skincare routine. Scrubbing the skin with washcloths or loofahs can irritate the afflicted region. After cleaning, apply an over-the-counter ointment or antifungal powder to the diseased region.

Management of pain. To reduce swelling, use warm compresses or tea bags to the afflicted area for 10 minutes. Squeezing the breakouts might cause damage to the skin. To avoid infection, replace the wound dressing on a regular basis.

Avoid causing friction. Skin irritation can be caused by body-hugging clothing. To avoid rubbing or chafing against the skin, wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing.

Keep an eye on your weight. To avoid obesity and clogged hair follicles, eat a nutritious diet and exercise on a daily basis. Foods with a high glycemic index, such as dairy and red meat, should be avoided because they can aggravate the disease.

Stop smoking. Tobacco use should be avoided because these items might aggravate the symptoms of clogged hair follicles.


A dermatologist will evaluate the affected region and recommend drugs to lessen the severity of the problem, as well as to help prevent it.

Creams for the skin. To address mild symptoms of clogged hair follicles, the doctor may prescribe topical medicines. These drugs aid in the reduction of inflammation, the healing of bacterial infections, and the prevention of future outbreaks.

Medicines for the Whole Body: In severe situations of blocked hair follicle symptoms, the doctor may prescribe systemic medicines, which are drugs that are given to the entire body.

Analgesics are pain relievers. To help ease the discomfort produced by skin breakouts, the doctor may prescribe over-the-counter pain medicines.

Retinoids. When used to treat blocked hair follicle symptoms, these drugs can take 6 to 12 months to clear up the skin. The medications can have negative side effects, such as dry skin, and are not recommended for usage during pregnancy.

Steroids. To relieve swelling and prevent future outbreaks, the doctor may prescribe steroid needles or pills. Steroids can have negative side effects such as weight gain, gastrointestinal trouble, and mood fluctuations.


If the problem has progressed beneath the skin and cannot be treated with drugs, a dermatologist may consider surgery.

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Drainage Surgical Cutting the tumors and draining them to relieve pain is part of the operation. Because the sores can recur, the operation only provides short relief.

Surgical Extraction. The lumps and the damaged skin around them are surgically removed during the treatment. Skin transplants are used to close the wound. The tumors will not reappear in the same location after surgery, although sores may appear elsewhere.

Laser therapy is a type of treatment that involves the use of It’s one of the most effective surgical therapies for hair follicle obstruction. The lumps are removed by using laser beams or cold gases to kill the diseased hair follicles.

Deroofing. This is a procedure for removing the upper layer of tissues from painful nodules in order to expose the tunnels created beneath the skin between nodules.

Electrosurgery. To treat severe consequences of blocked hair follicles, this method combines skin-tissue-sparing excision of damaged tissue with electrosurgical peeling.


Radiation therapy, according to research, can help relieve the symptoms of clogged hair follicles. Because radiation can have long-term negative effects, the doctor may only recommend it in exceptional circumstances.


Early treatment can help control and prevent the problems of clogged hair follicles. The disease, on the other hand, can have a negative impact on a person’s daily routine and activities. Constant pain and suffering can disrupt a person’s mental equilibrium, causing worry, self-consciousness, and melancholy.

If you’re having trouble mentally coping with your condition, reach out to family and friends for support. To overcome difficulties, you can also seek the advice of a psychological counselor or contact a support group.

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